Marine sediment transport, coastal oceanography and estuarine processes
My research interests pertain to sediment transport in coastal environments
and are aimed at
understanding how physical processes (those associated with rivers, waves, tides, and currents) move
sediment, transform the coasts, and deposit sediment in the marine environment. Transport of fine
sediments is of interdisciplinary importance; for example, many chemical species, including some
pollutants and PCBs, have an affinity for fine particles and may go through cycles of adsorption
and desorption with repeated resuspension, mixing, and deposition in estuarine and coastal
In order to better understand these processes and to evaluate sediment
development and use of a wide range of instrumentation is required for simultaneous
measurement of the flow, water properties, and suspended sediment. The instrumentation
includes a combination of current meters, CTDs, optical sensors for measuring suspended
sediment, and water samplers.
I have worked in estuarine, nearshore, and inner continental shelf environments
Francisco Bay, CA, the Hudson River, NY, the Satilla River, GA, the ACE Basina and
Winyah Bay, SC, the Amazon River and adjacent coast and continental shelf, the inner
shelf of the Gulf of Mexico and the Sepik River in Papua New Guinea. Of particular interest
on the Amazon shelf and some other estuarine environments is the presence of fluid muds, or
suspensions of extremely high sediment concentrations. Fluid muds behave quite differently
from lower concentration suspensions and have a significant influence on the transporting flow
and seabed/water column exchange processes.
Current Research Projects:
GE380 Environmental Oceanography
GE518 Estuarine Processes
GE530 Marine Geology
GE535 Coastal Processes
Orton, P.M., and G.C. Kineke, 2001. Comparing Calculated
and Observed Vertical Suspended-
Sediment Distributions from a Hudson River Estuary Turbidity Maximum. Estuarine, Coastal and
Shelf Science, 52:401-410.
Blake, A.C., G.C. Kineke, T.G. Milligan, and C.R.
Alexander, 2001. Sediment trapping and transport
in the ACE Basin, South Carolina. Estuaries, 24:721-733.
Milligan, T.G., G.C. Kineke, A. Carlson, C.R. Alexander,
and P.S. Hill, 2001. Flocculation and Sedimentation
in the ACE Basin, South Carolina. Estuaries, 24:734-744.
Kineke, G., K.J. Woolfe, S.A. Kuehl, J. Milliman, T. Dellapena
and R.G. Purdon, 2000. Sediment export
from the Sepik River, Papua New Guinea: Evidence for a divergent dispersal system. Continental
Shelf Research, 20:2239-2266.
Ogston, A.S., D.A. Cacchione, R.W. Sternberg, and G.C.
Kineke, 2000. Storm and river flood-driven
sediment transport on the northern California continental shelf. Continental Shelf Research, 20:2141-2162.
Allison, M.A., G.C. Kineke, E.S. Gordon and M.A. Goni,
2000. Development and reworking of an
annual flood deposit on the inner continental shelf off the Atchafalaya River. Continental Shelf
Blanton, J., C. Alexander, M. Alber, and G. Kineke, 1999.
The Mobilization and deposition of
mud deposits in a coastal plain estuary. Limnologica, 29:293-300.
Geyer, W.R., R.P. Signell and G.C. Kineke, 1998.
Lateral Trapping of Sediment in a Partially Mixed
Estuary. In Dronkers & Sheffers (eds) Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas ,pp 115-124.
Berhane, I., R.W. Sternberg, G.C. Kineke, T.G. Milligan
and K. Kranck, 1997. The variability of
suspended aggregates on the Amazon continental shelf. Continental Shelf Research, 17:267-285.
Kineke, G.C., R.W. Sternberg, J.H. Trowbridge, W.R. Geyer,
1996. Fluid mud processes on
the Amazon continental shelf. Continental Shelf Research, 16:667-696.
Kineke, G.C. and R.W.Sternberg, 1995. Distribution of
fluid muds on the Amazon continental
shelf. Marine Geology, 125:193-233.
Geyer, W.R. and G.C. Kineke, 1995. Observations of currents
and water properties in the
Amazon frontal zone. Journal of Geophysical Research 100:2321-2339.
Trowbridge, J.H. and G.C. Kineke, 1994. Structure and
dynamics of fluid muds over the
Amazon continental shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research 99:865-874
Kineke, G.C. and R.W.Sternberg, 1992. Measurements of
high concentration suspended
sediments using the Optical Backscatterance Sensor. Marine Geology 108:253-258.
Sternberg, R.W., G.C. Kineke and R. Johnson, 1991. An
instrument system for profiling
suspended sediment, and fluid and flow conditions in shallow marine environments Continental
Shelf Research 11: 109-122.
Kineke, G.C., R.W. Sternberg, D.A. Cacchione, K. Kranck
and D.E. Drake, 1991.
Distribution and characteristics of suspended sediment on the Amazon shelf. Oceanography
Electronic Mail: email@example.com