Weird Science

 These are really interesting but weird & fun papers/books by real Scientists



Pathological Science


"Pathological Science"

Irving Langmuir (1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry)


"Voodoo Science: The Road from Foolishness to Fraud"
Robert Park (University of Maryland)


"Case Studies in Pathological Science"
American Scientist 80, 54-63 (1992)
Denis L. Rousseau (Albert Einstein College of Medicine)


"Imaginary Weapons: A Journey Through the Pentagon's Scientific Underworld"
by Sharon Weinberger


Artificial Intelligence


"Autonomous technology and the greater human good"
Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 26, 303-315 (2014)
Steve Omohundro (Self-Aware Systems)

"Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies"
Nick Bostrom (University of Oxford)


Science Misconceptions

"Things that go faster than light"
Scientific American 203, 142-152 (1960)
Milton A. Rothman (Princeton University)

Is Reality "Real"?


"Are You Living in a Computer Simulation?"

Philosophical Quarterly 53, 243 (2003) DOI: 10.1111/1467-9213.00309

Nick Bostrom (University of Oxford)


"Constraints on the Universe as a Numerical Simulation"

The European Physical Journal A 50, 148 (2014) DOI: 10.1140/epja/i2014-14148-0

Silas R. Beane (Institute for Nuclear Theory), Zohreh Davoudi (Universitšt Bonn), Martin J. Savage (U. of Washington)

A self guided set of slides explaining this by Dr. Davoudi is available here.


"Quantized gravitational responses, the sign problem, and quantum complexity"

Science Advances 3, e1701758 (2017) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1701758

Zohar Ringel (University of Oxford & The Hebrew University) and Dmitry L. Kovrizhin (University of Oxford & NRC Kurchatov Institute)

This paper indicates that "Even just to store the information about a few hundred electrons on a computer one would require a memory built from more atoms than there are in the universe."


"What Is Real?: The Unfinished Quest for the Meaning of Quantum Physics"
Adam Becker (University of California, Berkeley)



Could we tell if another civilization existed on Earth long before humans evolved?


"The Silurian hypothesis: would it be possible to detect an industrial civilization in the geological record?"
International Journal of Astrobiology 18, 1-9, (2018) DOI:10.1017/S1473550418000095
Gavin A. Schmidt (NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies) and Adam Frank (Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester)