FAMILY  LAW

LL74701

 

Professor Sanford N. Katz

 

 

 

Fall Semester 2000-1                                                                   T Th - 1:30 P.M.

                                                                                                     

 

Required Casebook:               Cases and Materials on Family Law - Legal Concepts and Changing Human Relationships

 by Walter O. Weyrauch, Sanford N. Katz & Frances Olsen, West Publishing Company, 1994.

 

Required Supplement:           Family Law: Selected Source Materials prepared for Sanford N. Katz, West Group, 2000.

 

Recommended Text:              The Law of Domestice Relations in the United States (2nd Ed.),

by Homer H. Clark, Jr., West Publishing Company, 1988. (Student Edition).

On Reserve in the Law Library.

 

Note:   The following is the Table of Contents of the Weyrauch, Katz & Olsen  casebook.  

The assigned material is printed in large bold face italics type. Additional cases and

materials are in the Supplement.

 

            Tape recording of any class is prohibited.

           

Massachusetts Statutes ch. 207-209 [Supplement]........................ 101-11

 

Preface...................................................................................................... iii

 

Katz, Prologue [Supplement].................................................................... 1

Perry, Race Matters [Supplement]............................................................ 9

Bartlett, Feminism and Family Law[Supplement]................................ 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1

Marriage & the Relationship Between Family Law & Commercial Law 1

 

     A: Relationships Between Marriage and Business Partnership,

          Marital Contracts and Commercial Contracts............................... 2

 

          Functional Relation Between Engagement, Formal Marriage,

          Cohabitation Contract, Informal Marriage, & Business Partnership...... 2

               Stanard v. Bolin.......................................................................... 2

               Chaachou v. Chaachou.............................................................. 6

               Comments................................................................................. 17

               Eggleston v. Eggleston............................................................. 19

               McGehee v. McGehee................................................................ 24

               Steinhauer v. Steinhauer............................................................ 29

               Owens v. Owens........................................................................ 35

               Comments................................................................................. 39

 

               De Cicco v. Barker [Supplement].......................................... 243

               Salzman v. Bachrach [Supplement]....................................... 325

               Katz, Marriage as Partnership [Supplement].......................... 43

 

          Antenuptial Agreements: Safeguard to Deliberation, Recognition of

          Party Autonomy, or Inappropriate Intrusion into Marital Ethics?......... 41

               Ante-Nuptial Agreement From Transcript in the

               Case of Ball v. Ball................................................................... 41

               Ball v. Ball................................................................................ 44

               Posner v. Posner....................................................................... 50

               Osborne v. Osborne.................................................................. 54

               Dawley v. Dawley..................................................................... 58

               Simeone v. Simeone.................................................................. 62

               Martin v. Farber....................................................................... 67

               Comments................................................................................. 70

 

               Upham v. Upham [Supplement]............................................. 355

               Lindh v. Surman [Supplement].............................................. 287

               MacFarlane v. Rich   [Supplement]....................................... 295

               Fogg v. Fogg  [Supplement]................................................... 259

 

          “The Movement of the Progressive Societies Has Hitherto Been a

          Movement from Status to Contract”.................................................. 74

               Ponder v. Graham..................................................................... 74

               Maynard v. Hill......................................................................... 78

               Ryan v. Ryan............................................................................. 83

               Comments................................................................................. 89

 

B: Marital Failure and the Distribution of Losses................................. 92

 

          Joint Investment in Education............................................................ 95

               Morgan v. Morgan [I]............................................................... 95

               Morgan v. Morgan [II].............................................................. 98

               O’Brien v. O’Brien................................................................... 98

               Mahoney v. Mahoney.............................................................. 103

               Downs v. Downs..................................................................... 110

               Comments............................................................................... 113

 

               Drapek v. Drapek [Supplement]............................................. 245

               Lyons v. Lyons [Supplement]................................................. 293

 

          Career Building — Individual Gain or Shared?................................ 115

               Thompson v. Thompson......................................................... 115

               Elkus v. Elkus......................................................................... 117

               Comments............................................................................... 121

 

          Homemaker — A Risky Occupation?............................................. 122

               Lacey v. Lacey......................................................................... 122

               Brown v. Brown...................................................................... 124

               Comments............................................................................... 131

 

          Marriage Partnership as a Liability................................................... 133

               Kennedy v. Nelson.................................................................. 133

               Northampton Brewery Corporation v. Lande......................... 135

               Farm Bureau Agricultural Credit Corporation v. Dicke......... 137

               Comments............................................................................... 139

 

          Determining What Assets May be Divided as Marital Property........ 140

               In re Marriage of Grubb......................................................... 140

               Smith v. Lewis......................................................................... 144

               Savides v. Savides................................................................... 148

               Quinn v. Quinn...................................................................... 150

               Comments............................................................................... 154

 

               Davidson v. Davidson   [Supplement].................................... 235

               Hanify v. Hanify         [Supplement]...................................... 263

               Early v. Early [Supplement]................................................... 249

               Moriarty v. Stone [Supplement]............................................. 311

               Mahoney v. Mahoney  [Supplement]...................................... 301

               In re the Marriage of Zahm     [Supplement]........................ 277

               Allard v. Allard        [Supplement]......................................... 159    

               Williams v. Massa [Supplement]............................................ 387

             

Chapter 2

Informal Marriage: State Withdrawal or State Intrusion?.................. 157

 

     A: Common Law Marriage.............................................................. 161

 

          Substantive Versus Procedural Marriage

          (Marriage by Presumption)............................................................. 161

               Campbell v. Christian............................................................ 161

               Thomson v. Thomson............................................................... 164

               Gordon v. Railroad Retirement Board.................................. 169

               Comments................................................................................ 170

 

          Religious and Ethnic Factors........................................................... 172

               Parkinson v. J. & S. Tool Company...................................... 172

               Fung Dai Kim Ah Leong v. Lau Ah Leong.......................... 176

               Comments............................................................................... 180

 

          Worker’s Compensation................................................................. 181

               Burgess Construction Co. v. Lindley....................................... 181

               West v. Barton-Malow Company............................................. 183

               Powell v. Rogers..................................................................... 186

 

     B: Other Informal Marriages for Limited Purposes....................... 188

 

          Putative Marriage........................................................................... 188

               Hupp v. Hupp.......................................................................... 188

               Comments............................................................................... 190

               Sousa v. Freitas....................................................................... 191

 

          Quasi-Contractual Marriage............................................................ 195

               Sanguinetti v. Sanguinetti..................................................... 195

               Lazzarevich v. Lazzarevich...................................................... 197

               Comments................................................................................. 201

 

          Marriage by Estoppel..................................................................... 203

               Edgar v. Richardson................................................................ 203

               Mason v. Mason...................................................................... 206

               Warner v. Warner.................................................................... 207

               Comments............................................................................... 211

 

 

     C: Non-Marital Cohabitation........................................................... 213

 

          Trial Marriage, Substitute for Marriage, or Holdover Marriage......... 213

               Peck v. Peck............................................................................ 213

               Marvin v. Marvin [I]............................................................... 214

               Marvin v. Marvin [II].............................................................. 227

               Marvin v. Marvin [III]............................................................ 241

               Comments............................................................................... 246
               Hewitt v. Hewitt...................................................................... 249

               Beal v. Beal............................................................................. 256

               Chestnut v. Chestnut.............................................................. 259

               Comments............................................................................... 263

 

               Pinto v. Smalz   [Supplement]................................................ 321

 

          Partnership, Joint Venture, or Joint Enterprise.................................. 265

               Poole v. Schrichte.................................................................... 265

               Ireland v. Flanagan................................................................. 267

              

              

          Express, Resulting, or Constructive Trust......................................... 270

               Omer v. Omer.......................................................................... 270

               Sullivan v. Rooney.................................................................. 273

 

          Property Transaction, Specific Performance, Suit to Quiet Title........ 275

               Tyranski v. Piggins................................................................. 275

               Trutalli v. Meraviglia............................................................... 277

               Comments............................................................................... 279

 

          Protection of and Discrimination against Cohabitation...................... 281

               Cooper v. French.................................................................... 281

               MacGregor v. Unemployment Insurance Appeals Board........ 286

               Elden v. Sheldon..................................................................... 290

               Medley v. Strong..................................................................... 300

               San Francisco Ordinance........................................................ 304

               Comments............................................................................... 307

 

               Katz, Emerging Models [Supplement]..................................... 61

               Haw. Rev. Stat. ch. 572C [Supplement]................................ 117

               Civil Unions Act [Supplement].............................................. 119

               Cambridge, MA Chapter 2.119 [Supplement]....................... 125

 

Chapter 3

Toward Equality in Marriage................................................................ 309

 

     A: The Common Law Background: Reducing State-Imposed

          Inequality and Dependency......................................................... 310

 

          Property Ownership and Control.................................................... 310

               Robinson v. Trousdale County................................................. 310

               D’Ercole v. D’Ercole............................................................... 312

               Comments............................................................................... 316

 

          Interspousal Immunity..................................................................... 317

               Klein v. Klein.......................................................................... 317

               G.L. v. M.L.............................................................................. 321

               Comments............................................................................... 323

 

               Heacock v. Heacock [Supplement]......................................... 269

 

          Identity........................................................................................... 325

               Stuart v. Board of Supervisors............................................... 325

               Sydney v. Pingree.................................................................... 330

               D. R. S. v. R. S. H................................................................... 332

               Comments............................................................................... 339

 

          Personal Safety............................................................................... 341

               Warren v. State....................................................................... 341

               Comments............................................................................... 345

 

          Freedom of Movement................................................................... 346

               Massachusetts Stalking Law................................................. 346

               Comment................................................................................. 348

 

          The Double Standard of Sexual Morality......................................... 348

               Griswold v. Connecticut.......................................................... 350

               Roe v. Wade............................................................................. 353

               Webster v. Reproductive Health Services................................ 359

               Planned Parenthood v. Casey................................................. 369

               Comments................................................................................. 392

 

          Sexual Behavior Outside of Marriage.............................................. 395

               Eisenstadt v. Baird................................................................... 395

               Fadgen v. Lenkner................................................................... 401

               Comments................................................................................. 405

               Bowers v. Hardwick................................................................ 407

               Comments............................................................................... 412

 

     B: State Role in Promoting or

          Moderating Gender-Role Stereotypes....................................... 413

 

          Wives and Mothers in the Labor Force........................................... 413

               Cleveland Board of Education v. LaFleur.............................. 413

               Phillips v. Martin Marietta...................................................... 426
               Application of Ellen Gaulkin................................................ 428

               ABA Comm. on Ethics and Professional

               Responsibility, Formal Op. 340.............................................. 432

               Comments............................................................................... 434

               Elkus v. Elkus......................................................................... 435

               Brown v. Brown...................................................................... 438

               Comments............................................................................... 443

 

               Yannas v. Frondistou-Yannas [Supplement]........................ 399

 

          Husbands Who Keep House & Fathers Who Care for Children...... 445

               State ex rel. Watts v. Watts..................................................... 445

               Danielson v. Board of Higher Education............................. 448

               Pfohl v. Pfohl.......................................................................... 451

               Comments............................................................................... 458

 

     C: Beyond Individualism and Gender-Blind Equality..................... 461

 

          No-Fault Divorce and Gender-Blind Equality.................................. 461

               Orr v. Orr................................................................................ 461

               Comments............................................................................... 464

 

          Wife-Battering, Self-Defense, Special Injunctions............................ 466

               People v. Cameron.................................................................. 466

               People v. Liberta..................................................................... 470

               Comments............................................................................... 477

 

          Interference in Marriage............................................................ 478

               Gates v. Foley......................................................................... 478

               Comments............................................................................... 481

 

 

Chapter 4

State Control Over Entry into and Exit from Marriage...................... 483

 

     A: Freedom to Marry as a Fundamental Human Right.................. 484

 

          Loving v. Virginia....................................................................... 484

          Comments.................................................................................... 488

          Zablocki v. Redhail..................................................................... 490

          Comments.................................................................................... 495

 

     B: State Efforts to Limit Marriage.................................................. 497

 

          Form Requirements: Mandamus...................................................... 497

               F.A. Marriage License............................................................ 497

               Comments............................................................................... 500

 

          Annulment...................................................................................... 502

               Wilkins v. Zelichowski........................................................... 502

               Comments............................................................................... 504

               Bilowit v. Dolitsky.................................................................. 506

               Kober v. Kober........................................................................ 507

               Comments............................................................................... 510

 

          Age Requirement............................................................................ 513

               Short v. Hotaling.................................................................... 513

               Lovato v. Evans....................................................................... 514

               Comments............................................................................... 516

 

          Prisoner’s Marriage........................................................................ 517

               In re Carrafa........................................................................... 517

               Turner v. Safley...................................................................... 519

               Comments............................................................................... 522

 

          Mental Competence....................................................................... 524

               Larson v. Larson..................................................................... 524

               Comments............................................................................... 527

 

          Incestuous Marriage....................................................................... 528

               Israel v. Allen.......................................................................... 528

               In re MEW and MLB.............................................................. 530

               In re May’s Estate................................................................... 531

               Comments............................................................................... 535

 

          Sex................................................................................................ 537

               M.T. v. J.T............................................................................... 537

               Baehr v. Lewin........................................................................ 543

               Comments............................................................................... 558

               Braschi v. Stahl Associates Co.............................................. 561

               Comments............................................................................... 565

               Danish Same-Sex Marriage Law........................................... 566

               Comments............................................................................... 567

 

               Defense of Marriage Act [Supplement]................................. 113

               Baehr v. Miike [Supplement]................................................. 165

               Brause v. Bureau of Vital Statistics [Supplement]............... 229    

               Baker v. State of Vermont [Supplement]............................... 183

 

          Number (Bigamous Marriage)......................................................... 568

               Davis v. Davis......................................................................... 568

               Comments............................................................................... 571

               Reynolds v. United States....................................................... 572

               In re Dalip Singh Bir’s Estate.................................................. 575

               Comments............................................................................... 578

               Village of Belle Terre v. Boraas............................................... 579

               Frambach v. Dunihue.............................................................. 582

               Comments............................................................................... 585

 

    

C: Divorce: The Limits of State Control.............................................. 587

 

               Wardle, Divorce Reform [Supplement].................................... 71

               Mailer v. Mailer  [Supplement].............................................. 307

 

          Fault, Filing Fees, Residency Requirements..................................... 587

 

          “Pure” No-Fault Reasoning and Its Consequences

          for Distribution of Assets................................................................. 589

               Manning v. Manning................................................................ 589

               Comments............................................................................... 592

               In re Marriage of Williams..................................................... 594

               Comments............................................................................... 600

 

          Lingering Concepts of Fault............................................................ 603

               McClelland v. McClelland..................................................... 603

               McAllister v. McAllister......................................................... 604

               In re Marriage of Sommers..................................................... 608

               Comments............................................................................... 611

 

          Defenses Against Fault.................................................................... 613

               Nardone v. Nardone............................................................... 613

               Mogged v. Mogged.................................................................. 614

               Simonson v. Simonson........................................................... 617

               Comments............................................................................... 620

 

          Controlling Divorce and Post-Divorce Life Through Alimony........... 623

               Dakin v. Dakin....................................................................... 623

               Comments............................................................................... 625

               Lepis v. Lepis.......................................................................... 627

               Gottsegan v. Gottsegan.......................................................... 637

               Comments............................................................................... 642

 

               O’Brien v. O’Brien [Supplement].......................................... 317

               Keller v. O’Brien [Supplement]............................................. 281

              

Chapter 5

Children: Raising the Next Generation................................................ 645

 

     A: The Status of Childhood:

          Caught Between Parents & the State......................................... 646

 

          Education: Protection Against State Impositions............................... 646

               Meyer v. Nebraska................................................................... 646

               Pierce v. Society of Sisters...................................................... 649

               Wisconsin v. Yoder................................................................. 650

               Comments............................................................................... 661

 

          Custody and Control: State Enforcement of Parental Control........... 661

               Wood v. Wood......................................................................... 661

               Roe v. Doe............................................................................... 668

               Comments............................................................................... 670

 

               Enos v. Correia [Supplement]................................................ 255

               Troxel v. Granville [Supplement].......................................... 333

 

          Health: Statement Enforcement of Children’s Rights......................... 672

               Parham v. J.R.......................................................................... 672

               Guardianship of Phillip B........................................................ 683

               Comments................................................................................. 692

 

          Sexuality: Imposing Parental Domination or

          Undermining Parental Authority?..................................................... 693

               Carey v. Population Services International............................ 693

               Planned Parenthood v. Danforth............................................ 699

               Bellotti v. Baird........................................................................ 706

               Planned Parenthood v. Matheson........................................... 715

               Comments................................................................................. 718

 

          Reductio ad Absurdum? State Protection of Fetuses,

          Embryos, Eggs and Sperm.............................................................. 720

               In re A.C.................................................................................. 720

               International Union, U.A.W. v. Johnson Controls.................. 730

               Comments................................................................................. 741

 

     B: Establishing Parenthood.............................................................. 743

 

          Children Born to Unmarried Women............................................... 743

               Trimble v. Gordon.................................................................. 743

               Lalli v. Lalli............................................................................ 750

               Stanley v. Illinois.................................................................... 759

               Quilloin v. Walcott................................................................. 768

               Lehr v. Robertson................................................................... 773

               Comments............................................................................... 780

          Children Born to a Married or Cohabiting Woman.......................... 784

               Michael H. v. Gerald D............................................................ 784

               In re Marriage of Adams......................................................... 794

               In re Baby M........................................................................... 799

               Comments................................................................................. 816

               Jhordan C. v. Mary K.............................................................. 817

               Comments................................................................................. 823

 

          Commercial Production of Children................................................. 823

               In re Adoption of Baby Girl L.J............................................... 823

               In re Adoption of Paul............................................................. 827

               Comments................................................................................. 829

 

               A.Z. v. B.Z. [Supplement]....................................................... 135

 

     C: Child Custody............................................................................... 831

 

          Controlling Discretion Through Presumptions................................... 831

               Dinkel v. Dinkel..................................................................... 831

               Boroff v. Boroff....................................................................... 833

               Comments............................................................................... 838

 

          Controlling Discretion Through Factors

          Influencing Custody Decisions......................................................... 843

               Seymour v. Seymour............................................................... 843

               McKay v. Mitzel....................................................................... 846

               Jarrett v. Jarrett (Ill.)............................................................. 849

               Jarrett v. Jarrett (U.S.S.C.).................................................... 855

               Comments............................................................................... 857

               In re Marriage of Thompson.................................................. 858

               Roe v. Roe............................................................................... 865

               M.P. v. S.P............................................................................... 868

               Palmore v. Sidoti..................................................................... 875

               Comments............................................................................... 878

 

          The Ideal of Equal Opportunity for Custody.................................... 879

               Irby v. Dubois.......................................................................... 879

               Garska v. McCoy..................................................................... 883

               Comments............................................................................... 888

 

          Deciding Not to Decide: Joint Custody...................................... 891

               Mayer v. Mayer........................................................................ 891

               Comments............................................................................... 895

 

               Woodhouse, Child Custody [Supplement].............................. 87

 

     D: Child Support............................................................................... 898

 

          Amount of Support......................................................................... 898

               Boris v. Blaisdell...................................................................... 898

               Schmidt v. Schmidt.................................................................. 901

               White v. Marciano................................................................... 903

               Comments............................................................................... 905

 

          Modification................................................................................... 908

               Romano v. Romano.................................................................. 908

               Commonwealth ex. rel. Kaplan v. Kaplan.............................. 909

               Ainsworth v. Ainsworth........................................................... 911

               Comments................................................................................. 916

 

          Duration of Support........................................................................ 917

               Kujawinski v. Kujawinski........................................................ 917

               Ross v. Ross.............................................................................. 920

 

          Enforcement of Support.................................................................. 924

               Hicks v. Feiock........................................................................ 924

               Comment.................................................................................. 937

 

     E: Terminating Parent-Child Relationships;

          Establishing New Ones................................................................ 938

 

          Neglect Proceedings.................................................................... 938

               Santosky v. Kramer................................................................. 938

               Comments............................................................................... 949

 

          Adoption....................................................................................... 953

               Michaud v. Wawruck.............................................................. 953

               Comments............................................................................... 957

    

               Adoption of Tammy  [Supplement]........................................ 145

               Adoptions of B.L.V.D. and E.L.V.B. [Supplement].............. 153

 

          Legally Recognized Relationships Short of Parenthood.................... 959

               Root v. Allen............................................................................ 959

               Nancy S. v. Michelle G............................................................ 963

               Lingwall v. Hoener.................................................................. 969

               Comments............................................................................... 973

 

               Wilcox v. Traunz [Supplement]............................................. 379

               V.C. v. M.J.B. [Supplement]................................................... 361

              

Chapter 6

Problems Caused by Foreign Law and Our Federal System............... 975

 

     A: Residency Requirements for Divorce........................................ 975

 

          Sosna v. Iowa................................................................................ 975

          Leader v. Leader........................................................................... 982

          Comments.................................................................................... 985

 

     B: Full Faith and Credit and Comity................................................ 987

 

          Domestic Cases.............................................................................. 987

               Williams v. North Carolina [I]................................................ 987

               Williams v. North Carolina [II]............................................... 997

               Sherrer v. Sherrer.................................................................. 1007

               Comments............................................................................. 1010

               Wheat v. Wheat...................................................................... 1014

               Comments............................................................................. 1018

               Estin v. Estin.......................................................................... 1021

               Vanderbilt v. Vanderbilt........................................................ 1027

               Comments............................................................................. 1028

 

               Heron v. Heron [Supplement]................................................ 273

 

          Foreign Cases.............................................................................. 1030

               Hyde v. Hyde.......................................................................... 1030

               Yoder v. Yoder........................................................................ 1033

               Comments............................................................................... 1036

 

     C: Child Custody............................................................................. 1040

 

          Respect for Another State’s Decree.............................................. 1040

               May v. Anderson.................................................................... 1040

               Palm v. Superior Court......................................................... 1045

               Comments............................................................................. 1053

               Kumar v. Superior Court....................................................... 1055

               Sams v. Boston....................................................................... 1062

               Archambault v. Archambault................................................ 1071

               Comments............................................................................. 1077

 

          Minimum Contacts for Personal Jurisdiction................................... 1080

               Kulko v. Superior Court........................................................ 1080

               Comments............................................................................. 1087

 

               La. Rev. Stat. §§ 272-273 [Supplement]............................... 115

               Cal. Fam. Code § 2400 [Supplement].................................... 131    

               Minn. Stat. § 518.195 [Supplement]...................................... 133    

 

Appendix.......................................................................................... 1091

 

     Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act....................................... 1092

    Uniform Premarital Agreement Act....................................... 1111

    Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act............................... 1114

    Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act..................................... 1124

 

Table of Cases................................................................................ 1126

 

Index................................................................................................... 1134