Sc. 527 The Evolution of Culture

Professor Severyn Bruyn Class: Wednesday: 3:00-5:30 pm

McGuinn Hall 409 Office Hours: Wed. 5:30 pm. (Appointments)

Phone: 552-4134 Spring, 2001

Texts (Paperbacks)

1. E.F. Schumacher, A Guide for the Perplexed (Guide)

2. George Gilder, Telecosm (Telecosm)

3. Carol and Melvin Ember, Anthropology (Anthropology)

4. Riane Eisler, The Chalice and the Blade (Chalice)

5. Ken Wilber, A Brief History of Everything (History)

 

The Week Of: Book Name Chapter Number and Title

Part One: On the Nature of Evolution

Jan. 17 Film. Introduction to the course and Lecture by me. Then, the coming assignments:

Jan. 24 Guide, 1. On Philosophical Maps, 2. Levels of Being, 3. Progressions. If possible, finish the book. Be prepared to answer questions that are supplied in class.

Optional

Ben Wolman, Handbook of Parapsychology (ESP, Clairvoyance, Psychokinesis)

Ken Wilber, The Holographic Paradigm, Holonomic knowing, Physics/mysticism.

David Tansley, Subtle Body

John Eccles, (ed.), Mind and Brain: Many-Faceted Problems (Neuronal time/conscious)

Teillard de Chardin, The Phenomenon of Man

Martin Harwit, Cosmic Discovery

Jan. 31 Guide, 4-l0 Four Fields of Knowledge

Telecosm, Chpts. (Prologue) 1-4 (Class selects questions for discussion. (Sign up. Hand in your questions, answers and page numbers.)

Optional:

Ken Wilber, Eye for Eye, Chpt. 1 & 2 (A sociologist discusses the problems of proof for interpreting evolution).

Arthur Young, The Geometry of Meaning, Chpt. 1 "The Fourfold Division" (An engineer discusses Categories of Knowing).

Part Two: On the Evolution of Culture

Feb. 7 Telecosm, Chapters, 18-19. (Sign up. Hand in questions, answers, and page numbers).

Optional:

Stanislav Grof, Beyond the Brain, Chpt. 1, "The Nature

of Reality" (An essay on "The new paradigm").

Haridas Chaudhuri, Being, Evolution and Immortality,

Chpt. 9, The Meaning of Evolution, and 10 "The Goal of Evolution"

Fritjof Capra, The Turning Point, Chpt. 2, "The Two

Paradigms" (Newtonian and the "New Physics").

S.T.Bruyn, Natural History and The Human History (ms.)

Feb. 14 Exam on Guide, Telecosm, Films and Lectures

Feb. 21 Anthropology, Chpts. 1,2, 7. The Food Production and States. Chpt. 8. The Concept of Culture, Chpt. 9 Language and Culture

Optional:

Microcosmos, 10. The Riddle of Sex, 11. Late Bloomers

Arthur Young, The Geometry of Meaning, Chpt IV, The Four Levels

Mary Maxwell, Human Evolution, 2 & 3. The Evolution of Behavior and Brain and Life

John Barrow and Joseph Silk, The Left Hand of Creation

Carl Sagan, Cosmos

Feb. 28 Anthropology, Chpt. 10, Food Getting, Chpt. 11. Economics and Stratification, Chpt. 12, Sex and Culture.

Optional:

Xerox, John Alcock, Animal Behavior, Chpt. 14 The Evolution of Societies, pp.467-508. The Sociobiology Controversy.

David Crews, Psychobiology of Reproductive Behavior

March 5-9 Spring Vacation

Mar. 7 Chalice, Introduction, chpts. 1-5. The Beginnings of Civilization

Optional:

D. Futuyma and M. Slatkin, "Introduction" (Co-evolution)

Ernst Mayr, Toward a Philosophy of Biology, 3, "The Meaning of Teleological", 6. "The Concept of Natural Selection"

Mar. 14 Chalice, Chpts. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.

Optional:

Richard Levins and Richard Lewinton, "Evolution as Theory and Ideology" in The Dialectical Biologist.

Rupert Sheldrake, "Eternity and Evolution", in The Presence of the Past.

Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis

Xerox, Robert Ayres, "Self-Organization in Biology and Economics" and Gerard Radnitzky, "The Evolution of the Extended Order" in the journal, Unity of the Sciences

Mar. 21 Chalice, Chpts. 11, 12. 13.

Optional

Microcosmos, 12. Egocentric Man

Global, 5. Our Evolving Society

Synthesis, 5. The Evolution of Society

B. Kumar, Origin and Evolution of Mankind

Mar. 28 Second Midterm on Anthropology and Chalice

(Deadline for Choosing Extra Credit Paper is April 4. We should have already talked about writing the essay.)

April 4 History, Chpts. 1-5

Optional:

C. Loring Brace, The Stages of Human Evolution

Mary Maxwell, "The Evolution of Sexuality"

Paul Davies & John Gibbon, The Matter Myth (Scientists challenge physical reality)

Jane Roberts, The Nature of Personal Reality

April 11 History, Chpts. 6-10

Optional:

Richard Leakey, "Introduction" to C. Darwin's Origin

Mary Maxwell, "The Evolution of Morality and Sympathy" and "The Evolution of Language"

Janet Lee Mitchell, Out-of-Body Experiences.

Fritjof Capra, The Tao of Physics

April 12-16 Easter Vacation

April 16 Patriot’s Day

April 18 History, Chpts. 11-13.

Optional:

Beatrice Bruteau, Evolution Toward Divinity

Ken Wilber, Transformation of Consciousness

Michael Gazzaniga, The Social Brain.

Peter Russel, The Global Brain

Fritjof Capra, The Turning Point

Lynn Margulis and Dorian Sagan, Micro-cosmos

Apr. 25 History, Chpts. 14-17 If possible, finish the book. Chpts. 15-18

Optional

The Tibetan Book of the Dead

Egyptian Book of the Dead.

I Ching Book of Changes, Introduction (The System of the book has eight trigrams which symbolize 8 elements of the universe, representing all situations of creation, a universe in miniature. (1150 B.C.)

May 2 Study Days

May 4 Final Exams

May 25 Commencement

Semester Tasks and Grading System

There will be two Midterms and one Final Exam on readings, lectures, and films.

Students are expected to read all assigned readings carefully and actively contribute to course discussion. Class members are also required to rotate roles as seminar discussion leaders (two leaders) per week. Discussion leaders should talk before class sessions to discuss issues pertinent to a given week’s themes and to prepare brief "discussion-opening" with remarks and questions. I will devote time each session for lectures on the subject of cultural evolution. Also, a movie may be shown as part of the class session.

If you miss our one weekly class for an unexcused reason, you must write a short book report. The book can be selected from the optional readings above. Unexcused reasons for missing class are normal colds, attending sports events, going to a "career meeting" with a corporate manager. Excused reasons for missing a class can be a serious illness (with a statement from an official), the death of a family member or close friend, providing some evidence. In other words, class attendance is a requirement.

There are sets of questions given to you for discussing the content of the textbooks, but you will be also asked to create your own questions. The questions serve as background for class discussion and preparing for exams. It is important for you to keep up-to-date in the reading and be prepared for class discussion. At the time of the Midterm, we will discuss the kind of exam that seems suitable.

Grading System 1st Exam: 25%

2nd Exam Paper: 25%

Final Exam: 35%

Class Participation 15%

Extra Credit 0-10

You can write a paper for extra credit. The paper must be extremely well done to receive any extra credit. The subject of your paper could serve as a basis for class discussion. You can write on anything related to the concept of cultural evolution, but it should be linked to the subject of the texts, movies, and lectures.

You can raise questions on the nature of culture, the relationship between the primitive shaman and today's studies of parapsychology, the myths of gods and goddesses, stories of angels and their interpretation from an analytical viewpoint, the role of cooperation and competition in the evolution of economic life, the bio-cultural differences in male and female behavior, early fertility rites and symbolic meaning, primitive patterns of socialization for boys and girls, the theoretical meaning of evolution, ideas about the psychological stages of personal growth and cultural evolution, the evolution of institutions, such as the family, government, religion, or education, the evolution of music, dance, art -- and more. Discuss the topic with me. You can formulate the subject that interests you, but be sure to connect it with ideas in the course.

The essay should be about 10 pages long. I will need a statement of the purpose and content by midterm. We will talk in class about the subject. The paper should have a scholarly (or scientific) tone and contain footnotes that indicate outside reading has been done in reference to the subject. (See "options" for possible readings.) The paper will receive extra points related to its grade.

A=10, B=5, C=2, D=1, F=0.

Independent Readings

Students who are interested in esoteric and exotic readings on cultural evolution are invited to consider topics that they would never imagine in ordinary courses at the university. Listed below are a few books in my library representing two very different fields. They may borrowed for a topic of unusual interest.

The Vibratory Universe: On the Nature of Clairvoyance

1. Hazrat Inayat Khan, The Mysticism of Sound and Music. 2.Zachary Lansdowne, The Chakras and Esoteric Healing, 3. Normal Lee Browning, The Other Side of the Mind. 4. Jane Roberts, The God of Jane. 5. The Nature of the Psyche, Jane Roberts. 6. James Redfield, The Celestine Prophecy, and The Celestine Vision, 7. Melvin Morse, (Raymond Moody), Closer to the Light. 8.Gopi Krishna, The Awakening of the Kundalini. 9. Carol Zaleski, Otherworld Journeys. 10. Laird Spalding, Life & Teaching of the Masters of the Far East, 5 volumes. 11. Amy Wallace & Bill Henkin, The Psychic Healing Book, 12. Jean Houston, Life Force. 13. A.E. Powell, The Astral Body. 14. Brian Weiss, Many Masters. 15. D. Scott Rogo, Miracles. 16. James Perkins, Experiencing Reincarnation. 17. Gary Doore, What Survives? 18. Kabir Helminski, Living Presence. 19. Raymond Moody, Life After Life. 20. Robert Crookall, Out of Body Experiences. 21.C.W. Leadbeater, A Textbook of Theosophy. 22. Richard Maurice Bucke, Cosmic Consciousness. 23. Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird, The Secret Life of Plants. 24. Ruth Montgomery, Companions Along the Way. 25. John White (ed.) Frontiers of Consciousness. 26. Neale Donald Walsch, Conversations with God. 27. Melvin Morse, Where God Lives. 28. Brian Weiss, M.D., Messages from the Masters. 29. Warren Grossman, To Be Healed by the Earth. 30. Itzhak Bentov, Stalking the Wild Pendalum. 31.Lauren Artress, Walking a Sacred Path. 32. Elwood Babbitt, Voices of Spirit. 33. Pat Rodegast, Judith Stanton, Emmanuel’s Book II. 34. Daniel O’Keefe, Stolen Lightning: The Social Theory of Magic. 35. Katrina Raphaell, Crystal Enlightenment. 36. Joe Nickell, et.al., The Outer Edge. 37. David Tansley, Subtle Body. 38. Sylvie Simon, The Tarot. 39. Carl Ernst, Words of Ecstacy in Sufism. 40. Larry Dossey, Healing Words. 41. Stanislav and Christina Grof, Beyond Death. 42. Joseph Campbell, The Power of Myth. 43. Robert Monroe, Journeys Out of the Body. 44. Kyriacos Markides, Fire in the Heart. 45. Herbert Greenhous, The Astral Journey. 46. Jonathan Goldman, Healing Sounds. 47. P.D. Ouspensky, Tertium Organum. 48. Sophy Burnham, Angel Letters, and Book of Angels. 49. David Lindley, The End of Physics. 50. Deepak Chopra, Quantum Healing. 51. Frank Wilcek, Besty Devine, Longing for Harmonies. 52. Raymond Moody, Reunions. 53. Leonard Shlain, Art and Physics. 54. Ivor Grattian-Guinness, Psychical Research. 55. A.P. Blavatsky, The Secret Doctrine. 56. David Tame, The Secret Power of Music. 57. Max Toth, Greg Nielsen, Pyramid Power. 58. Rosemary Brown, Unfinished Symphonies. 59. Max Heindel, The Rosicrucian Cosmo-Conception. 60. John Hogue, Nostradamvs & The Millennivm.

 

Graduate Students may work in consultation with me on a scheduled arrangement. The course links with formal readings in Cultural Studies. Students should outline the basic idea for a term paper and plan the subject at the beginning of the semester. The following are examples of graduate-oriented texts.

Graduate Readings: Cultural Studies

 

Adorno, T.W. (1941) "On Popular Music," (with G. Simpson), _Studies in Philosophy and Social Science_, Vol. 9, no 1: 17-48.

_______ (1978 [1932]) "On the Social Situation of Music," _Telos_ 35 (Spring): 129-165.

___________ (1982) "On the Fetish Character of Music and the Regression of Hearing," in Arato and Gebhardt 1982: 270-299.

___________ (1989) "On Jazz," in Bronner and Kellner 1989: 199-209.

___________ (1991) _The Culture Industry_. London: Routledge.

Agger, Ben (1992) _Cultural Studies_. London: Falmer Press.

Appadurai, Arjun. "Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy." in _Featherstone_ 1990: 295-310.

Arato, Andrew and Eike Gebhardt (1982) _The Essential Frankfurt School Reader_. New York: Continuum.

Aronowitz, Stanley (1993) _Roll Over Beethoven_. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England.

Baudrillard, Jean (1993) _Symbolic Exchange and Death_. London: Sage Books.

Benjamin, Walter (1969) _Illuminations_. New York: Shocken.

Bennett, Tony (1982) "Theories of the Media, Theories of Society," in Gurevitch, et al, _Culture, Society, and the Media_. London:Macmillan.

Best, Steven and Douglas Kellner (1991) _Postmodern Theory: Critical Interrogations_. London and New York: Macmillan and GuilfordPress. (1997) _The Postmodern Turn_. New York: Guilford Press.

Bloch, Ernst (1986) _The Principle of Hope_. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Blundell, et al (1993) _Relocating Cultural Studies_. New York: Routledge.

Bronner, Stephen and Kellner, Douglas (1989) _Critical Theory and Society_. A Reader. New York: Routledge.

Byrger, Peter (1984 [1974]) _Theory of the Avant-Garde_. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (1980a) _On Ideology_ London: Hutchinson.

______________________________ (1980b) _Culture, Media, Language_. London: Hutchinson.

Cvetkovich, Ann and Douglas Kellner (1997) _Articulating the Global and the Local_. Globalization and Cultural Studies. Boulder, Co.:Westview Press.

Davies, Ioan (1995) _Cultural Studies, and After_. London and New York: Routledge.

During, Simon (1993) ed. _The Cultural Studies Reader_. London and New York: Routledge.

Featherstone, Mike (1990) ed. _Global Culture_: Nationalism, Globalization and Modernity. London: Sage, 1990.

Fiske, John 1986, "British Cultural Studies and Television." _Channels of Discourse_, edited by R. C. Allen. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press: 254-289.

Gitlin, Todd (1983) _Inside Prime Time_. New York: Pantheon.

Grossberg, Lawrence (1989) "The Formations of Cultural Studies: An American in Birmingham," Strategies_, 22: 114-149.

Grossberg, Lawrence, Nelson, Cary and Paula Treichler (1992) _Cultural Studies_. New York: Routledge.

Hall, Stuart, et al (1980) _Culture, Media, Language_. London: Hutchinson.

Hall, Stuart (1980a) "Cultural Studies and the Centre: Some problematics and problems," in Hall et al, 1980, 15-47.

____________ (1980b) "Encoding/Decoding," in Hall et al, 1980, 128-138.

____________ (1983) "The Problem of Ideology--Marxism Without Guarantees," in B. Matthews (ed.) Marx 100 Years On_. London:Lawrence & Wishart.

_________________ (1988) _The Hard Road to Renewal_. London: Verso.

______________ (1991), _Lecture on Globalization and Ethnicity_, University of Minnesota, Videotape.

Harvey, David. _The Condition of Postmodernity_. Cambridge: Blackwell: 1989.

Hebdige, Dick Subculture. _The Meaning of Style_. London: Methuen.

Hertog, Herta (1941), "On Borrowed Experience. An Analysis of Listening to Daytime Sketches," _Studies in Philosophy and Social Science_, Vol. IX, No. 1: 65-95.

Hilferding, Rudolf (1981 [1910]) _Finance Capital_. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Horkheimer, Max and T.W. Adorno (1972) _Dialectic of Enlightenment_. New York: Herder and Herder.

Jameson, Fredric. _Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism_. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1991.

Martin Jay, _The Dialectical Imagination_, (Boston, Little, Brown and Company, 1973).

Jefferson, Tony (ed.) (1976) _Resistance through Rituals_. London: Hutchinson.

Johnson, Richard (1986/87) "What is Cultural Studies Anyway?" _Social Text_ 16: 38-80.

Kellner, Douglas and Michael Ryan (1988) _Camera Politica: The Politics and Ideology of Contemporary Hollywood Film_.Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University Press.

Lazarsfeld, Paul (1941) "Administrative and Critical Comunications Research," _Studies in Philosophy and Social Science_, Vol. IX, No.1: 2-16.

Lowenthal, Leo (1949) (with Norbert Guttermann) _Prophets of Deceit_. New York: Harper.

____________ (1957) _Literature and the Image of Man._ Boston: Beacon Press.

____________ (1961) _Literature, Popular Culture and Society_. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Marcuse, Herbert (1941) _Studies in Philosophy and Social Science_, Vol. IX, No. 1: 414-439.

McGuigan, Jim (1992) _Cultural Populism_. London and New York: Routledge.

Mosco, Vincent (1996) _The Political Economy of Communication. Rethinking and Renewal_. London: Sage.

Murdock, Graham (1989) "Cultural Studies at the Crossroads," _Australian Jounral of Communication_, 16.

O'Connor, Alan (1989) "The Problem of American Cultural Studies," _Critical Studies in Mass Communication_ (December), 405-413.

Turner, Graeme (1990) _British Cultural Studies: An Introduction_. New York: Unwin Hyman.

Wiggershaus, Rolf (1994), _The Frankfurt School_. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Williams, Raymond (1961) _The Long Revolution_. London: Chatto and Windus.

____________ (1962) _Communications_. London: Penquin.

____________ (1974) _Television, Technology, and Cultural Form_. London: Fontana.

____________ (1981) _Communications_. London: Penquin.

I On Cultural Studies (Texts)

Stanley Aronowitz and Henry Giroux, Postmodern Education: Politics, Culture, and Social Criticism.

Patrick Brantlinger, Crusoe's Footprints: Cultural Studies in Britain and America.

Fred Inglis, Cultural Studies

Nicholas Dirks, Geoff Eley, and Sherry Ortner, Eds. Culture/Power/History: A Reader in Contemporary Social Theory.

Raymond Willams, The Sociology of Culture, 1981.

C. Jenks, Culture, 1993

 

II On Science and Culture

William Eamon, Science and the Secrets of Nature.

Carolyn Merchant, The Death of Nature.

Donna Haraway, Crystals, Fabrics, and Fields

Sandra Harding and Merrill Hintikka, "Introduction," in Discovering Reality.

Ruth Bleier, (ed.) Feminist Approaches to Science, "Introduction."

K. V. Laurikainen, Beyond the Atom, Chapter V, "Spirit and Matter."

Stanley Aronowitz, Science as Power: Discourse and Ideology; Roll Over Beethoven, "Introduction," Chpt. 3, "The Origins of Cultural Studies," chpt. Four, "British Cultural Studies."

Albert Rothenberg, The Emerging Goddess, chpt. 5. "Scientific Creativity, 6. The Creative Process, 7. "Janusian Thinking," 8. Opposition and Creativity."

Nancy Tuana, Feminism and Science.

Linda Shepard, Lifting the Veil: The Feminine Face of Science.

Edward Harrison, Masks of the Universe.

Steven Rosen, Science, Paradox, and the Moebius Principle.

John Barrow & Joseph Silk, The Left Hand of Creation

Peter Russell, The White Hole in Time.

Paul Davies, The Cosmic Blueprint

Sheldon Glashow, Interactions

Timothy Ferris, The Mind's Sky

Danah Zohar, The Quantum Self

III On Religion and Culture

Ken Wilber, Up From Eden, (Introduction); The Atman Project.

Paul Tillich, Theology of Culture.

Douglas Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach: A Metaphorical Fugue on Minds and Machines.

Zev ben Himon Halevi, Kabbalah

Harvey Cox, Religion in the Secular City.

IV On Postmodernism and Culture

Jean-François Lyotard, The Postmodern Condition.

Christopher Norris, What's Wrong with Postmodernism? "Introduction." chpt. 7.

"Settling Account: Heidegger, de Man and the ends of the philosophy."

Barry Smart, Postmodernity.

Norman Denzin, Images of Postmodern Society.

Fredric Jameson, The Ideologies of Theory, Vol. 2, Syntax of History.

Herbert Simons, Michael Billig, After Postmodernism.

Robert Hollinger, Postmodernism and the Social Sciences.

David Harvey, The Condition of Postmodernity.

John Paul Jones, et. al, Postmodern Contentions.

Gianni Vattimo, The End of Modernity.

Stephen Pfohl, Death at the Parasite Cafe.

Jean Baudrillard, For a Critique of the Political Economy of Sign, 1975; The Mirror of Production, 1975; In the Shadow of the Silent Majorities, 1983.

Michel de Certeau, The Practice of Everyday Life, 1984.

Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle, 1977.

Julian Pefanis, Heterology and the Postmodern, 1992.

V On History and Culture

Lynn Hunt, (ed.) The New Cultural History.

Leon Pompa, Human Nature and Historical Knowledge.

David Hoy, Foucault.

Richard Brown and S. Lyman, Structure, Consciousness, and History.

Hayden White, Metahistory, "Preface," "Introduction," chpt. 1. The Historical Imagination Between Metaphor and Irony."; The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation.

Patrick Brantlinger, Crusoe's Footprints: Cultural Studies in Britain and America.

Lynn Hunt, ed., The New Cultural History (Patricia O'Brien, "Michel Foucault's

History of Culture.")

VI On Critique and Culture

Antony Easthope and Kate McGowan, eds. A Critical and Cultural Theory Reader.

Robert Wuthnow, et.al. Cultural Analysis.

Lawrence Grossberg, et.al. Cultural Studies

Ben Agger, Cultural Studies as Critical Theory, chpt. 1. "What is Cultural Studies?"

Michel Foucault, The Order of Things; The Care of the Self, Vol. 3.

Christopher Norris, Derrida, Chpt. 4. "Speech, Presence, Origins: from Hegel to Saussure."

James Clifford, The Predicament of Culture, 1988.

Pierre Bourdieu, Distinction, 1986.

VII On Anthropology/Sociology and Culture

Claude Lévi Strauss, The Raw and the Cooked; The Origins of Table Manners.

Clifford Geertz, The Interpretation of Cultures, chpt. 1, "Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture."

Steven Seidman, Contested Knowledge, 6. "Knowledge and Power: The French Poststructuralists," and 7. "The New Social Movements and the Making of New Social Knowledges."

Carol and Melvin Ember, Anthropology.

Richard Münch and Neil Smelser, (eds.) Theory of Culture.

Robert Sack, Conceptions of Space in Social Thought.

Donna Haraway, Simians, Cyborgs, and Women.

VII On Philosophy and Culture

Richard Bernstein, Beyond Relativism and Objectivism.

Peter Sloterdijk, Critique of Cyncial Reason.

Will Wright, Wild Knowledge: Science, Language, and Social Life.

Diane Michelfelder and Richard Palmer, Dialogue & Deconstruction: The Gadamer- Derrida Encounter.

Morris Berman, The Reenchantment of the World.

Rodolphe Gasché, The Tain of the Mirror: Derrida and the Philosophy of Reflection, chpt. 9, "A system beyond Being."

Michael Hays, Critical Conditions: Regarding the Historical Moment.

Victor, Farias, Heidegger and Nazism.

W. Boyd. Ed. The Emile of Jean Jacque Rousseau.

Friedrich Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra

VIII On Literary Theory

David Perkins, Is Literary History Possible?

Michael Riffaterre, Fictional Truth.

George Levine, Realism and Representations: Essays of the Problems of Realism in Science, Literature, and Culture.

Peter Bürger, Theory of the Avant-Garde.

Terry Eagleton, Literary Theory.

Michael Groden and Martin Kreiswirth, The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory & Criticism

David Perkins, Is Literary History Possible?

IX On Psychology and Culture

Carl Jung, Dreams.

John Eccles, Evolution of the Brain: Creation of the Self

Michel Murphy, The Future of the Body

X On Music and Culture

Joachim-Ernst Berendt, Nada Brahma (The World is Sound): Music and the Landscape of

Consciousness.

David Tame, The Secret Power of Music

XI On American Studies and Cultural Studies

(From the Syllabus of Alexandra Chasin)

Gloria Anzaldua, Borderlands -- La Frontera

Cross and Keith, Racism, the City and the State (RCS)

Michel Foulcault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of a Nation

Patricia Williams, The Alchemy of Race and Rights

Michael Denning, "The Special American Conditions: Marxism and American Studies," American Quarterly 38 (1986), pp. 546-80.

Richard Johnson, "What is Cultural Studies Anyway?" Social Text 17.

Hazel Carby, "Policing the Black Woman's Body in an Urban Conrtext," Critical Inquiry 18 (Summer, 1992), pp. 238-755.

Lynn Spigel, "The Suburban Home Companion: Tellevision and the Neighborhood Ideal in Postwar America," from Sexuality and Space, ed. Beatriz Colomina, pp. 184-217.

Michael P. Smith and Bernadette Tarallo, "The Postmodern City and the Social Construction of Ethnicity in California," in Racism, the City, and the State.

James Clifford, "Identity in Mashpee," in The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature,and Art (Harvard UP, 1988), pp. 277-346.

Patricia Williams, The Alchemy of Race and Rights.

XII On Afro-American Studies and Culture

Patricia Hill, Black Feminist Thought, 1991.

bell hooks, Black Looks; Yearning: Race, Gender and Cultural Poltiics.

Michael Omi and Howard Winant, Racial Formations in the United States, 1994

Herman Gray, Watching Race, 1995.

Patricia Williams, The Alchemy of Race and Rights, 1991

Trisha Rose, Black Noise

Cornel West, Prophetic Though in Postmodern Times, 1993.

XIII On Mass Media and Culture

D. Miller, Material Culture and Mass Consumption, 1987

Arthur Kroker and Michael Weinstein, Data Trash

J. Fisk, Television Culture, 1987; Understanding Popular Culture, 1989.