Europe in 1871

On this completed map of Europe after the major unification movements of the mid-19th century, students must learn the major changes which altered the the settlement arrived at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. This new map will stay roughly unchanged until a new wave of state-building occurs after World War I.

1.Mark the boundaries of the new German Empire. What German state(s) have been excluded from the new Empire?

2.Following the successful war of 1864, Prussia seized the Provinces of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark. Locate these and compare this map with that of 1831.

3.Following the successful war of 1866, Prussia occupied most of the German lands north of the River Main. Using the geographical map, locate that river and the newly annexed Prussian lands.

4. Following the successful war of 1870-71, the new German Empire annexed Alsace-Lorraine from France. Locate these.

5. Mark the boundaries of the new Kingdom of Italy. Which areas inhabited by Italians are not included?

6. After 1867, the Austrian Empire was divided into two parts, what is its new name?

6. Many historians believe that the unification movements would have been impossible but for the defeat of Russia in the Crimean War. Locate the Crimea and Sevastopol.

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