Europe in 1939

The 1930s were a tumultuous decade for Europe and the world. Plunged into a massive depression, European states faced political crises at home and many sought to utilize the situation to bring about "rectification" of the territorial settlements imposed by the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. As the map of 1929 showed, one country&emdash;Turkey&emdash;had already achieved this by armed conflict. In the 1920s three other countries sought to follow this example: Germany, Italy, and Hungary, while a fourth country (Spain) plunged into a terrible Civil War.

This following map shows the situation on the eve of the Second World War. For more detailed localized maps see below.

Germany
Italy
Hungary
Estonia
Latvia
Lithuania
Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics
Free City of Danzig
Poland
Yugoslavia
Romania
Bulgaria
Greece
Spain
Portugal
Italian Libya
Malta
Egypt
Suez Canal Zone
Trans-Jordan Kingdom (British Protectorate)
Palestine Mandate (British Protectorate)

 To view the completed map click Labeled Map of 1939

 

 For specialized maps showing the political and foreign developments during the 1930s, click here for the collection.

 

Geographical features important for Europe in 1939

Learn the location of the following by studying the appropriate maps.

For Western Europe

Paris
London
Amsterdam
Brussels

For Central Europe

Berlin
Hamburg
Munich
Nürnberg
Ruhr River
Rhine River
Elbe River
Main River

For South-Eestern Europe

Vienna
Budapest
Prague
Bratislava

For Eastern Europe

Warsaw
Königsburg
Leningrad
Moscow

 

To return to Weekly Map Assignments Page, click maps.

To see index for the Geographical Atlas click atlas.

To return to the Home Page for Hs 002, click Core History page.