Europe in 1939
The 1930s were a tumultuous decade for Europe and the world. Plunged into a massive depression, European states faced political crises at home and many sought to utilize the situation to bring about "rectification" of the territorial settlements imposed by the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. As the map of 1929 showed, one country&emdash;Turkey&emdash;had already achieved this by armed conflict. In the 1920s three other countries sought to follow this example: Germany, Italy, and Hungary, while a fourth country (Spain) plunged into a terrible Civil War.
This following map shows the situation on the eve of the Second World War. For more detailed localized maps see below.
To view the completed map click Labeled Map of 1939
For specialized maps showing the political and foreign developments during the 1930s, click here for the collection.
Learn the location of the following by studying the appropriate maps.
For Western Europe
Paris London Amsterdam Brussels
For Central Europe
Berlin Hamburg Munich Nürnberg Ruhr River Rhine River Elbe River Main River
For South-Eestern Europe
Vienna Budapest Prague Bratislava
For Eastern Europe
Warsaw Königsburg Leningrad Moscow