A Selection of Maps tracing the
Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939.
This site contains five maps of Spain from the start of the
Nationalist Rebellion in July 1936 through the defeat of the Republic
in March 1939.
The first map shows the immediate success achieved by General
Franciso Franco's invasion from Spanish Morocco, which was
co-ordinated with a military uprising in the North. Franco and a
group of generals launched their attack after a coalition of
Socialists and Catalonian and Basque Separatists had gained control
of the Spanish Republican government
The second map shows Franco's rapid advance against the
ill-trained Republican army, but despite the professionalism of its
military staff, the rebels were unable to capture Madrid and after
six months of heavy fighting had failed to defeat the Basques.
Eighteen months into the bloody Spanish Civil War still saw
little change. Utilizing air support provided by Adolf Hitler, and
ground troops offered by Mussolni, the Nationalists had finally
captured the Basque country, but remained stuck outside the major
population centers of Barcelona and the capital city of Madrid.
Despite aide from abroad, the Nationalist Rebels were unable to
advance much at all in the third year of the war. Twenty-four months
of tremendous fighting had produced 200,000 deaths but little gain.
After laying seige to Valencia, in May 1938 the Nationalist forces
fought their way through to the coast thus cutting the Republican
forces in half.
With world attention concentrating almost exclusively upon
menacing events in Central Europe (the Munich Conference was held in
September 1938, followed by Hitler's invasion of Rump Czecho-slovakia
in March 1939), Franco finally achieved his breakthrough. In February
1939, as this final map shows, Nationalist forces captured Barcelona
and all of Catalonia. On 28 March 1939 Franco entered Madrid and the
rest of the country surrendered in the following days. The Civil War
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