A Selection of Maps tracing the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939.

This site contains five maps of Spain from the start of the Nationalist Rebellion in July 1936 through the defeat of the Republic in March 1939.

The first map shows the immediate success achieved by General Franciso Franco's invasion from Spanish Morocco, which was co-ordinated with a military uprising in the North. Franco and a group of generals launched their attack after a coalition of Socialists and Catalonian and Basque Separatists had gained control of the Spanish Republican government

The second map shows Franco's rapid advance against the ill-trained Republican army, but despite the professionalism of its military staff, the rebels were unable to capture Madrid and after six months of heavy fighting had failed to defeat the Basques.

Eighteen months into the bloody Spanish Civil War still saw little change. Utilizing air support provided by Adolf Hitler, and ground troops offered by Mussolni, the Nationalists had finally captured the Basque country, but remained stuck outside the major population centers of Barcelona and the capital city of Madrid.

Despite aide from abroad, the Nationalist Rebels were unable to advance much at all in the third year of the war. Twenty-four months of tremendous fighting had produced 200,000 deaths but little gain. After laying seige to Valencia, in May 1938 the Nationalist forces fought their way through to the coast thus cutting the Republican forces in half.

With world attention concentrating almost exclusively upon menacing events in Central Europe (the Munich Conference was held in September 1938, followed by Hitler's invasion of Rump Czecho-slovakia in March 1939), Franco finally achieved his breakthrough. In February 1939, as this final map shows, Nationalist forces captured Barcelona and all of Catalonia. On 28 March 1939 Franco entered Madrid and the rest of the country surrendered in the following days. The Civil War was over.

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