Some Provocative Study Questions for the Final Examination

1. What was the Fronde, and how did it impact France?

2. What new institutions did the government of Louis XIV introduce into France?

3. What factors contributed to the triumph of Parliament over the first Stuarts (James I and Charles I), and which of these continued to be decisive in the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688?

4. Who was William of Orange (or William III) and why was he invited to become King of England?

5. Louis XIV spent most of his reign fighting wars. Why? and what was the outcome?

6. Between 1650 and 1780, what were the "dynastic" goals of the Bourbons, and how were they to be achieved?

7. Between 1650 and 1780, what were the "dynastic" goals of the Habsburgs, and how were they to be achieved?

8. Between 1650 and 1780, what were the "dynastic" goals of the Romanovs, and how were they to be achieved?

9. Between 1650 and 1780, what were the "dynastic" goals of the Hohenzollerns, and how were they to be achieved.?

10. What factors encouraged and spread overseas explorations and colonization in the 17th and early 18th centuries?

11. The Baroque is historically associated with the Counter-Reformation (or Catholic Reformation). What aspect of the Baroque style was appropriately used by the Church and to what end?

12. The Baroque style also was adopted by Louis XIV for his own purposes. What aspects were employed here, and how did these differ from the religious use of the Baroque style?

13. Caravaggeo and Rubens were the foremost figures in the early Baroque. What themes and stylistic innovations characterize their works?

14. The latter artistic development of Baroque is called the Rococo. How did it differ from the Baroque -- in themes, styles, and general ambience?

15. What were the most important "discoveries" that we label "the scientific revolution? What was the impact of these upon European consciousness?

16. What were the major musical forms which prevailed in the 17th century (i.e. Bach and Handel) , and how did these change in the early 18th?

17. How did Roman Catholic church architecture and decorations in the early 18th century parallel the artistic style we call the rococo? What goals did the Church seek to accomplish by employing these

18. What were some of the factors responsible for this change in musical genres and taste?

18. What were the key ideas and figures of the "Enlightenment?"

19. How did these "enlightened" ideas impact European society in general in the years 1710 to 1780?

20. The 18th century was characterized by a series of wars. What aspects of these can be identified as most characteristic?

21. The expansion of European conflict into other parts of the world was most noted in North America. Why? and what was the result of this conflict?

22. What were the most important aspects of the reign and politics of Louis XV, and what legacy did he leave for Louis XVI?

23. What were the sources of British colonist discontent in the 1770s; Scottish discontent in the 1760s, and French discontent in the 1780s?