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Class 12




How enforceable are terms of service? Click-through agreements? How are contracts formed on the internet?

A.  Click-Throughs and Terms of Service


  1. AOL Terms of Use for Site.

  2. Specht v. Netscape Communications Corp., 00 Civ. 4871 (AKH) (S.D.N.Y. July 3, 2001)

  3. Caspi v. Microsoft Network, L.L.C., 732 A.2d 528 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 1999)

  4. Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act, (Final Act 2000) (skim). Explore the UCITA Online Web site

  5. Jean Braucher, Why UCITA, Like UCC Article 2B, is Premature and Unsound . Explore the Affect Site.


  1. Robert Merges, The End of Friction? Property Rights and Contracts, 12 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 115, 118-21 (1997)

  2. William Fisher, III, Property and Contract on the Internet, 73 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 1203 (1998)

  3. ProCD v. Zeidenberg, 86 F.3d 1447 (7th Cir. 1996)

  4. David Nimmer, et al., The Metamorphosis of Contract into Expand, 87 Cal. L. Rev. 17 (1999)

  5. Mark Lemley, Beyond Preemption: The Law and Policy of Intellectual Property Licensing, 87 Cal. L. Rev. 111 (1999)

B.  Electronic Signatures


  1. Robert A. Wittie & Jane K. Winn, E-Sign of the Times (July 2000)

  2. Patricia Fry, A Preliminary Analysis of Federal and State Electronic Commerce Laws (2000)

  3. P.L. 106-229, Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-SIGN)

  4. Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (Dec. 1999 version)

  5. American Bar Association Section of Science and Technology Information Security Committee, Digital Signature Guidelines Tutorial


  1. Gail Hillebrand & Margot Saunders, E-Sign and UETA: What Should States Do Now

  2. Froomkin, The Essential Role of Trusted Third Parties in Electronic Commerce, 75 Or. L. Rev. 49 (1996)

  3. Winn, Clash of the Titans: Regulating the Competition Between Established and Emerging Electronic Payment Systems, 14 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 675 (1999)

  4. Winn, Couriers Without Luggage: Negotiable Instruments and Digital Signatures, 49 S. Carolina L. Rev. 900 (1998)


No writing assignment, in light of short week.

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Updated: April 16, 2002
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