Macmillan’s Magazine
Alderson, Brian.  “Introduction” to Charles Kingsley, The Water-Babies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995): ix-xxix.
In his introduction to a 1995 edition of The Water-Babies Alderson discusses the story's first publication as a serial in Macmillan's Magazine, the subsequent revision of the text for its appearance in book format in May 1863, and the contemporary market for children's literature. After a lengthy analysis of The Water-Babies, Alderson treats some of the critical reaction to it. He concludes with a discussion of the importance of Kingsley's authorial presence in the novel.

The Water-Babies; Publication; Macmillan’s Magazine; Reception of Kingsley's Works.

Hertz, Alan. “The Broad Church Militant and Newman's Humiliation of Charles Kingsley,” Victorian Periodicals Review Vol. XIX, No. 4 (Winter 1986): 141-9.
Hertz considers the role of the editors of  Macmillan’s Magazine in permitting the inclusion of Kingsley’s slander of Newman.  He argues that David Masson, the editor, and Alexander Macmillan himself failed to protect Kingsley, and themselves, from his bigotry and from Newman’s consummate skill.  He shows that “What, Then, Does Dr. Newman Mean?” was essentially a group effort where Kingsley was aided by experienced controversialists who did not succeed in assessing his chances of success adequately.  Hertz also discusses the contemptuous review of the Apologia by Froude in Fraser’s Magazine which caused Froude and Kingsley to be bound more closely together than ever before.  Overall, the outcome, declares Hertz, was pejorative:  “The failure of Macmillan and Masson to save Kingsley from his own prejudice and impetuosity led to the weakening of progressive journalism and the impoverishment of Liberal intellectual discourse” (148).

Macmillan’s Magazine; Newman Controversy; Froude; Maurice.

Uffelman, Larry, and Patrick Scott.  “Kingsley's Serial Novels, II: The Water-Babies,” Victorian Periodicals Review Vol. XIX, No. 4 (Winter 1986): 122-131.
Uffelman and Scott, utilizing the Macmillan archive in the British Library, examine the revision into book form of The Water-Babies, first published serially from August 1862 to March 1863 in eight monthly episodes in Macmillan’s Magazine.  The revisions were extensive and included a softening of style and mood from the adult oriented text in Macmillan’s Magazine to one more suitable for children, a tempering of the serial version’s anti-Americanism, and, most important, “the systematic introduction of a new character, the old Irishwoman, to link together the real world of the opening with the spiritual and fantasy world of the Water-Babies” (122).

The Water-Babies; Publication; Macmillan’s Magazine; Anti-Americanism.


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