|Baker, William J. “Charles Kingsley in Little
London,” Colorado Magazine Vol. 45 (1968): 187-203.
In this illustrated article Baker discusses Kingsley’s trip to America
and his sojourn in Colorado Springs in 1874. Kingsley’s connection
with and interest in this town stemmed from his son Maurice, who worked
there as a railway engineer, and from his daughter Rose, who visited there
in 1871-72. After sketching the English community and the pervasive
anglophilia of Colorado Springs, Baker provides a brief account of Kingsley’s
visit there where he was particularly impressed by the natural beauties
of the Pike’s Peak region.
Beer, Gillian. “Charles Kingsley and the Literary
Image of the Countryside,” Victorian Studies Vol. VIII, No. 3 (March
Beer argues that Kingsley’s genuine love and appreciation of nature
and the countryside were combined with an understanding of the frequently
difficult lot of the country poor. He eschewed any aesthetic of landscape
which ignored the plight of its inhabitants. Kingsley’s “point is that
the starving and sick cannot savour beauty, and that the country poor require
help if their life is to become anything better than a mockery of pastoralism”
Hawley, John C., S. J. "Charles Kingsley and
the Book of Nature," Anglican and Episcopal History Vol. 61, No.
4 (December 1991): 461-479.
Hawley examines Kingsley as natural theologian and his views on the
“meaning” of nature. He discusses Kingsley’s attempt to bridge the
ever widening gap between the claims of science and religion and to establish
a vocabulary that would be intelligible to and supportive of both fields.
In this respect he provides a comparison of Kingsley’s views on the theological
beliefs of and the search for meaning in Arnold, Huxley, and Darwin.
Kingsley’s aim, according to Hawley, “was to circumvent fears and cynicism,
and to move his readers into a world of scientific endeavor and Christian
cooperation. In choosing the commitment of faith over strict empiricism
he became for many, in an age of increasing dichotomy between the realms
of science and religion, a model of a Christian who hoped that the truths
of both would ultimately coalesce” (479).
Theology; Arnold, Matthew; Huxley;
Henkin, Leo J. Darwinism in the English Novel
1860-1910: The Impact of Evolution on Victorian Fiction (New York:
Russell & Russell, 1963).
For Kingsley the Bible and science were compatible. He welcomed
Darwin’s theories which rendered Nature and all about him more full of
divine significance than ever before. While Kingsley reverenced Nature,
“he reverenced more the will that is above Nature. His reverence
for Nature was not antagonistic, but paid homage to his faith in the supernatural”
Muller, Charles H. “Spiritual Evolution and Muscular
Theology: Lessons from Kingsley’s Natural Theology,” Studies in English
Vol. 15 (March 1986): 24-34.
Kingsley’s understanding of the relationship between science and religion
is quite straightforward according to Muller. The natural world for
Kingsley everywhere reveals the work of God; everything physical is but
a reflection of the Eternal Realities. The work of the scientist
is essentially a glorification of the Creator. “As a religious thinker,
Kingsley was deductive and intuitive in his logic; as a scientific thinker,
he was inductive, seeing the infinite in the finite, or maxima in minimis,
as exemplified by the wonders of creation in so lowly a creature as the
spider-crab. In seeing the divine mirrored in a pebble or spore,
however, he was combining a scientific and religious vision of life –
uniting the function of the microscope and the telescope, as it were” (31).
Prickett, Stephen. “Adults in Allegory Land:
Kingsley and MacDonald,” in his Victorian Fantasy (Bloomington:
Indiana University Press, 1979): 150-197.
Prickett provides a lengthy examination of The Water-Babies comparing
and contrasting it with several allegorical fantasies of George MacDonald.
Among other topics, he discusses the extent to which Kingsley was influenced
by Wordsworth regarding his view of nature and his attitude to childhood,
as well as by Rabelais. He also examines Platonism, religion, evolution,
and the nature of allegory in The Water-Babies. Prickett declares
that Kingsley and MacDonald have quite distinct mental sets. “Kingsley,
the botanist, marine biologist and historian is fascinated by every minute
detail of this world; ‘other’ worlds are constructs – telling us yet more
about this. MacDonald is a temperamental Platonist, only interested
in the surface of this world for the news it gives him of another, hidden
reality, perceived, as it were, through a glass darkly” (193).