Publication History
Alderson, Brian.  “Introduction” to Charles Kingsley, The Water-Babies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995): ix-xxix.
In his introduction to a 1995 edition of The Water-Babies Alderson discusses the story's first publication as a serial in Macmillan's Magazine, the subsequent revision of the text for its appearance in book format in May 1863, and the contemporary market for children's literature. After a lengthy analysis of The Water-Babies, Alderson treats some of the critical reaction to it. He concludes with a discussion of the importance of Kingsley's authorial presence in the novel.

The Water-Babies; Publication; Macmillan’s Magazine; Reception of Kingsley's Works.

Sutherland, J. A. “Westward Ho! ‘A Popularly Successful Book’” in his Victorian Novelists and Publishers (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976): 117-132.
Sutherland discusses the publication process of Westward Ho! and Kingsley’s relationship with its publisher Macmillan's.  “The result of the collaboration was one of the most remarkable bestsellers of the century” (122).  Though the novel, according to Sutherland, benefited from the moderating influence of the publisher, many readers were disturbed by certain elements, above all its pathology and violence.

Westward Ho!; Macmillan’s; Publication.

Uffelman, Larry K.  “Kingsley’s Hereward the Wake: From Serial to Book,” Victorians Institute Journal Vol. 14 (1986): 147-156.
Kingsley, according to Uffelman, very carefully revised the text of his last novel in its original serial form for its publication as a book.  Published first in the Protestant journal Good Words, Hereward displays throughout Kingsley’s hatred for effete, feminine monasticism and by extension Roman Catholicism.  However, Uffelman shows that Kingsley as he made revisions for publishing the novel in book form toned down some of his more venomous passages “tempering his story to fit a different medium and to appeal to the taste of a more liberal publisher," Macmillan (155).

Hereward the Wake; Macmillan's; Catholicism; Publication.

Uffelman, Larry K., and P. G. Scott,  “Kingsley's Serial Novels: Yeast,” Victorian Periodicals Newsletter Vol. IX, No. 4 (December 1976): 111-119.
Uffelman and Scott discuss the early publication history of Yeast which first appeared anonymously in six monthly installments in Fraser’s Magazine from July to December 1848 and which was later republished in volume format in 1851.  They pay particular attention to the revisions Kingsley made in the volume text.  In addition to tempering many phrases which might have upset orthodox religious sensibilities, Kingsley also added much anti-Catholic material in the 1851 book, especially in the sub-plot concerning Luke, the Tractarian curate and Lancelot’s cousin.  The other major revision involved expanding the ‘discussion’ element in the last part of the novel where Lancelot meets the prophet Barnakill.  This tilts “the balance of the novel towards the question of religious belief” ( 117).  With respect to the diverse revisions Uffelman and Scott declare that “The new and topical sub-plot devoted to Luke’s conversion to Catholicism made the novel more abstract and theological, as did also the expanded conversation with the prophet in the last chapter.  The minor revisions, however, suggest an interesting slight softening in Kingsley’s attitudes to more orthodox religious earnestness, and show also that Kingsley himself had become aware of some of the unevenness of plot and tone which serial composition had encouraged in his first novel” (118-119).

Yeast; Catholicism; Religion; Publication.

Uffelman, Larry, and Patrick Scott.  “Kingsley's Serial Novels, II: The Water-Babies,” Victorian Periodicals Review Vol. XIX, No. 4 (Winter 1986): 122-131.
Uffelman and Scott, utilizing the Macmillan archive in the British Library, examine the revision into book form of The Water-Babies, first published serially from August 1862 to March 1863 in eight monthly episodes in Macmillan’s Magazine.  The revisions were extensive and included a softening of style and mood from the adult oriented text in Macmillan’s Magazine to one more suitable for children, a tempering of the serial version’s anti-Americanism, and, most important, “the systematic introduction of a new character, the old Irishwoman, to link together the real world of the opening with the spiritual and fantasy world of the Water-Babies” (122).

The Water-Babies; Publication; Macmillan’s Magazine; Anti-Americanism.


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