Publications
Click on an article to download a pdf of it.

In press

Kayyal, M. H. & Widen, S. C. (in press). Monsters and growling dogs: a dual-source theory of the child’s concept of fear. Psychological Topics.

Widen, S. C., Pochedly, J. T., Pieloch, K., & Russell, J. A. (in press). Introducing the sick face. Motivation & Emotion. doi: 10.1007/s11031-013-9353-6

Kayyal, M. H. & Widen, S. C.  (in press).  What Made Sahar Scared?: Imaginary and Realistic Causes in Palestinian and American.  Cognition and Culture.

2013
Widen, S. C. (2013).  Children’s Interpretation of Facial Expressions: The Long Path from Valence-Based to Specific Discrete Categories.  Emotion Review.

Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2013). Children's Recognition of Disgust in Others. Psychological Bulletindoi:10.1037/a0031640

Yik, M., Widen, S. C., & Russell, J. A. (2013). The within-subject design in the study of facial expressions. Cognition & Emotion.

2012
Pochedly, J. T., Widen, S. C., & Russell J. A.  (2012).  What emotion does the “facial expression of disgust” express?  Emotion. Advanced online publication.

2011
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2011).  In Building a Script for an Emotion, Do Preschoolers Add Its Cause Before Its Behavior Consequence?  Social Development, 20, 471-485. 
Widen, S. C., Christy, A. M., Hewett, K., & Russell, J. A.  (2011).  Do Proposed Facial Expressions of Contempt, Shame, Embarrassment, and Sympathy Communicate the Predicted Emotion?  Cognition and Emotion, 25, 898-906. 

Widen, S. C. & Naab, P.  (2012).  Can An Anger Face Also Be Scared? Malleability of Facial Expressions.  Emotion.  Advanced online publication. 

2010
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A.  (2010).  Differentiation in preschoolers’ categories for emotion.  Emotion, 1, 651-661. 
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A.  (2010).  The “disgust face” conveys anger to children.  Emotion, 10, 455-466.  
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2010).  Children’s scripts for social emotions: Causes and consequences are more central than are facial expressions.  British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 28, 565-581.
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2010).  Descriptive and prescriptive definitions of emotion.  Emotion Review, 2, 377-378. 

2008
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2008). Children’s and Adults’ Understanding of the “Disgust Face.” Cognition and Emotion, 22,1513-1541.
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2008). Young children's understanding of other's emotions. In M. Lewis, J. M. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), Handbook of emotions (pp. 348-363). New York, NY: Guilford.
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2008). Children acquire emotion categories gradually. Cognitive Development, 23, 291-312.

2004
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2004). The relative power of an emotion's facial expression, label, and behavioral consequence to evoke preschoolers' knowledge of its cause.  Cognitive Development, 19, 111-125.

2003
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2003). A Closer Look at Preschoolers' Freely Produced Labels for Facial Expressions. Developmental Psychology,39, 114-128.

2002
Russell, J. A. & Widen, S. C. (2002). Words versus Faces in Evoking Preschool Children's Knowledge of the Causes of Emotions.International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 97-103.
Russell, J. A. & Widen, S. C. (2002). A label superiority effect in children's categorization of facial expressions. Social Development,11, 30-52.
Widen, S. C. & Russell, J. A. (2002). Gender and Preschoolers' Perception of Emotion. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 48, 248-262.